What is Machine Learning?

Machine Learning is a field of computer science that gives computers the ability to learn without being explicitly programmed. In other words, machines can teach themselves what they don’t know. This allows them to make predictions based on previous experiences that are then used to inform future decisions.

Machine Learning (ML) is a sub-field of artificial intelligence that allows computers to learn without being explicitly programmed. In other words, ML algorithms are able to teach themselves over time through experience. This ability has allowed them to take on many different fields and industries. They can now even help us make sense out of data in our smartphones.

Types of Machine Learning?

Let us have a look at Machine Learning types

Supervised Learning

Supervised Learning refers to a Machine Learning technique that uses labeled data for training. An example of this is the use of image recognition software. When provided with a large set of images (labeled), the software can provide feedback about what objects are contained in each image. This is done through a neural network. A supervised Learning model requires a large amount of labeled data to work effectively.

Unsupervised Learning

Unsupervised Learning refers to a technology that does not require labeled data for training. It can operate without any previous knowledge of what information it should look for. The purpose of unsupervised Learning is to find patterns and structure in unlabeled data. Clustering algorithms are examples of unsupervised Learning techniques.

Reinforcement Learning

Reinforcement Learning models learn from trial-and-error experiences. They do not need explicit instructions for how they should behave; rather, they figure out the best way to act based on previous experience. The most common application of reinforcement Learning is to play video games. In the context of artificial intelligence, it has been applied to tasks like playing chess against a computer opponent.

Why do we need Machine Learning?

We use Machine Learning everyday whether we know it or not. We rely on it when we search for information online, shop for products, and apply for jobs. It’s imperative that we understand how this technology works and what problems it solves before we start using it.

How does Machine Learning work?

In its simplest form, ML is about making predictions based on past experiences. Let’s say I want to predict your gender. It would look at your height, weight, hair color, eye color, body type, shoe size, etc., and determine if you are male or female based on these factors. As you can imagine, this isn’t very accurate since my prediction is only based on averages. However, my prediction is much better than guessing randomly.


Machine Learning has become quite popular these days. With its use we can solve some really complex problems. We can make machines learn without being explicitly programmed. This is how deep Learning came into existence. Deep Learning is a sub-field of Machine Learning.

I’m not going to go into too much detail here, but I want to give some brief information about how Machine Learning works. In short, we use data to train our model. We then test our model using data that was not used in training. This allows us to test whether our model can generalize well. If our model does not perform well, we modify our model until it performs well enough.

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